Flamingos are easily identified by their long necks, stick-like legs and their reddish or pink-colored feathers. Flamingos are an illustration of the phrase “you’re what you consume.” Flamingo feathers are pinkish as well as reddish due to the fact that they consume pigments that come from algae and other invertebrates.
Based on the Integrated Taxonomic Information System, (ITIS) There are six kinds of flamingos: Chilean flamingo (greater flamingo), Andean flamingo (lesser flamingo), Chilean flamingo (andean flamingo), James’ (or puna) Flamingo, James’ and American the flamingo (or Caribbean).
The highest species is the larger flamingo. It is 3.9 feet up to 4.7 feet (1.25 to 1.45 meters) tall and can weigh as much as 7.7 pounds. According to Sea World, it weighs around 3.5 kilograms. The lesser flamingo is most compact one, with a length of 2.6 feet (80cm) and weighs 5.5 pounds. (2.5 kg). Flamingos’ wingspan is 37 inches (95cm) and 59 inches (150cm).
American Flamingos are found throughout the West Indies, Yucatan and northern regions of South America, as well as on the Galapagos Islands. Chilean, Andean, and James’ flamingos can be found throughout South America. The greater and less flamingos, however, are found in Africa. There are also larger Flamingos in India and in the Middle East.
According to Sea World, Flamingos eat tiny fish and larvae along with red and blue-green algae blue-green and roe alga and crustaceans. They are omnivores since they consume both meat and plants.
The pink hue of the Flamingo is due to their diet, which is high in beta carotene. This organic chemical is the pigment known as a reddish-orange. Beta carotene is also found in a variety of plants, such as tomatoes, sweet potatoes, sweet potato and spinach. Carotenoids that are similar to pigment-packing can be found in crustaceans as well as Mollusks that flamingos consume.
The carotenoid levels in their food may differ across the globe. This is the reason why American Flamingos are typically bright orange and red while the less flamingos of central Kenya’s drought-stricken Lake Nakuru are paler pink.
If a flamingo stops eating carotenoids-rich food the feathers of its mates will start to develop lighter shades and, eventually the feathers that are reddish will begin to molt. The feathers that molt have lost the pinkish hue they used to have.
The kind of beak a flamingo’s beak has will determine the food it consumes. The bill of the Andean, James’, and Lesser flamingos is known as”deep-keeled” bill “deep-keeled” bill. They mainly eat algae. The American, Chilean, and Chilean Flamingos are bigger and have a deeper-keeled bill which allows them to consume tiny fish, invertebrates and even insects.
Flamingos can feed by stirring the lake’s bottom with their feet and diving their beaks into water and mud to capture their food.
According to Sea World, flamingos may be monogamous. They are known to stay with their partner once they’ve had a mate. Flamingos in groups are able to mate at the same time, so all chicks hatch together. According to Smithsonian National Zoo, the nests are constructed from mounds of mud. Each egg is laid by one pair.
The eggs are slightly bigger than the eggs of large chickens that measure 3 to 3.5 inches (78-90 millimeters in length) and 5 to 4 pounds (115-140 grams). It takes between 27 and 31 days to hatch the egg. The chick that emerges will weigh 2.5 to 3.0 pounds (73-90 grams) in weight. The chicks mature in between the ages of three and five years old. age.
The baby flamingos are white or gray. In the early years of their lives, they’ll change to pink. Flamingos are able to live for up to 50 years in wild habitat or 20-30 years in the Zoo.
Sea World says fossil evidence indicates that flamingos came from a group of birds that lived about 30 million years ago. This was prior to the time that other orders of avian evolution.
While it isn’t known the reason why flamingos sit on one foot however, it is suggested that they do this to conserve heat. They also consider it to be an ideal position to relax in.
While flamingos are thought to be tropical birds, they could be found in colder areas so long as they have plenty of water and food available.
More than 1,000,000 flamingos have been known to congregate in East Africa, creating the largest known group of birds.