Know the Different Types of Headache and their Treatment

Know the Different Types of Headache and their Treatment. We all have various kinds of headaches. And often we treat ourselves by taking painkillers that are simple, drinking more fluids, taking a nap or by waiting for the headache to go away in its own. However headaches can be a source of stress and even crippling, and at times people fear that they could have a root cause that is serious. Most headaches aren’t painful but do nothing permanent damage.

What Are The Different Types Of Headaches?

Headaches may be primary or secondary that is, they’re an effect of a different accident or illness.

Dr. Neeraj Jain says, your doctor is able to generally determine the reason for your headache through speaking with you and thoroughly examining your body. After he or she has identified the source, you’ll be able to determine how to lessen or even eliminate headaches. It could mean taking medication only when you are experiencing headaches, or taking every day medication to avoid headaches or taking a medicine you’re currently taking.

Primary Headaches

The most commonly reported types of headaches comprise migraines with tension along with migraines.

1. Tension Headaches

Tension headaches typically manifest in the form of a band or across the forehead. They can last for a number of days. They can be painful and exhausting, but they are not a major disturbance to the sleep. The majority of people continue working while suffering from a tension headache. They’re usually not caused by physical activity however it is not uncommon to be sensitive to noise or bright light.

Tension headaches are generally worse throughout the day and are usually least bothersome at the beginning of the day. (An other exception could be a headache that is caused by sleeping in an uncomfortable position that results in a sore neck.) Tension headaches usually occur across each side of your head (known as symmetrical) and usually the front. They are also known as pressure headaches. They can disrupt your work and focus, but not enough to cause you to go to the bed.

Tension headaches can be caused by tightness in muscles in the back of the neck as well as over the scalp. Stress, fatigue and a slouching sleeping position could make them more difficult to treat. People can suffer from tension headaches after drinking too much alcohol or caffeine or if they do not drink enough fluids or spend an extended period between meals and feel tired and hungry.

Tension headaches are usually treated with simple painkillers. A change in lifestyle may aid in relieving tension headaches, such as drinking less caffeine, and drinking more water, and also a healthy diet. Altering pillows may assist, as could getting enough sleep and staying away from excessive noise. Sometimes, tension headaches are caused by poor vision, specifically when reading at night for prolonged periods.

2. Migraines

Migraines are also quite common. The typical migraine is one-sided and itchy. In fact headaches that are unilateral or throb, as well as headaches that cause you to get sicker are likely be migraines than any other. Migraines can be so severe that they can be crippling. Certain patients require going to bed in order to rest from their headache.

Migraines last anywhere between four hours and three days. They are usually aggravated through sound or movement. Patients may experience nausea (nausea) or feel sick (vomit) even when the pain isn’t too extreme. Most patients report that bright light or even television can cause headaches to become more severe. The majority of migraine sufferers experience one or two attacks per month.

A third of the population suffer from migraines that are referred to as “aura” or “a classic migraine’. The warning signs (the aura) appear prior to the onset of the onset of a migraine. The most common are flashing lights, usually with the zigzags. They’re often described as fireworks. They usually be seen only on one side of vision only (although they affect both eyes at once). Many people experience loss of half their vision completely. Other people experience tingling, an affliction on one side of their body or in the speech. These signs can last up to an hour , and are usually followed by headaches. The headache usually occurs in the opposite direction to the visual signs.

What Is The Treatment For Migraines?

Migraines may improve with sleep, rest dark, and peace. Drinking water may help when you aren’t feeling sick. Simple painkillers like and ibuprofen may be efficient. Many people realize that they’re not and are prescribed a specific migraine medication prescribed by their physician. These medicines can include tablets that you take whenever you suffer from headache. But, there are some who are taking tablets every day for migraine preventing medication, and this is a viable option for those suffering from frequent migraines.

Migraines are often triggered by stress, certain food items like chocolate or red wine, fatigue and deficiency of body fluids (dehydration).

3. Cluster Headaches

Cluster headaches can be extremely severe headaches, often referred to as “suicide headaches”. They are often seen in clusters, typically daily for a couple of days, or even for weeks. They then disappear for months. They are rare and usually occur among males who smoke. They’re severe unilateral headaches, that can be very debilitating (that means they stop normal activities).
Cluster headaches are typically only one-sided. Patients typically experience a watery, red eye on the side affected and a runny nose that is stuffy and a droopy or sagging eyelid.

What Is The Treatment For Cluster Headaches?

Cluster headaches typically require treatment by a doctor and can be treated by tablets or sometimes with oxygen inhalation.

4. Chronic Daily Headaches

Chronic headaches or chronic tension headaches are typically caused by tension in the neck’s back and is more common in women than males. Chronic refers to the fact that the problem persists and is ongoing. The headaches may be triggered due to neck injuries or fatigue and can be aggravated by excessive use of medications (see the section below). A headache that is present frequently throughout at least six months is referred to as a chronic headache.

What Is The Treatment For Chronic Daily Head Pain?

This kind of headache is best treated through the physiotherapyy avoidance of painkillers and sometimes, by antidepressant medicines (many of which are effective in treating persistent headaches).

5. Primary Stabbing Headaches

Primary stabbing headaches can be described as “ice pick headaches” as well as ‘ Idiopathic stabbing headache. The term “idiopathic” is used by doctors to describe things that do not have a reason. They are brief, stabbing headaches that are abrupt and intense. They typically last between 5 to 30 seconds regardless of day or night. it feels as if an ice cube is stuck to your head. They typically occur near the ear, and can be scary. Though they’re not migraines they are more prevalent for those who suffer from migraines. Nearly 50% of people who suffer migraines experience the primary stabbing headache. They usually occur at the site on the head where migraines are most likely to occur.

What Is The Treatment For Primary Stabbing Head Pain?

The primary stabbing headaches can be far too short to treat, though medication to prevent headaches can reduce the number of headaches they experience.

6. Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia can cause pain – most commonly in the facial. It is characterized by extremely brief flashes of pain that resemble electric shocks within the face – particularly in the region of the nose, eyes, jaws, forehead, scalp or lips. It’s usually unilateral and is more prevalent among people who are who are over 50. It can be caused by a gentle touch or a air blowing across the face.

What Is The Treatment For Trigeminal Neuralgia?

Typically, trigeminal neuralgia is able to be treated using preventative medications.

What Are The Different Types Of A Secondary Headache?

Sometimes, headaches can have root reasons, and treating headaches is about dealing with the root cause. Many people worry that headaches may be caused by serious illnesses or due to excessive blood pressure. Both are rare causes of headaches and high blood pressure is usually the cause of no symptoms.

Chemicals, Drugs And Substance Withdrawal

Secondary headaches may be due to a substance or withdrawal of it – like carbon monoxide (which is created by gas heaters that aren’t properly ventilated) or drinking alcohol (with headaches often occurring the next morning after) or a deficiency of bodily fluids (dehydration). The headaches caused by medication-related overuse, which are which are discussed in the following paragraphs are the most frequent source of secondary headaches.

Medication-Overuse Headaches

A headache caused by medication is a painful and lasting headache that can last for years. It’s caused by taking painkillers – typically to treat headaches! When medication for pain is taken frequently to treat migraines, your body reacts by generating more pain sensors in the brain. In the end, the pain sensors are so numerous that the brain is extremely sensitive and the headache doesn’t be able to go away. The people who suffer from these headaches tend to take more painkillers to get better.

What Is The Treatment For Medication-Overuse Head Pain?

The only way to treat it is to not take any painkillers for at the least one month. The majority of patients find this difficult to accomplish and require some convincing to try. The headaches could be a long time to ease (subside) and could become worse in the beginning.

The majority of painkillers cause frequent headaches, however medications like ibuprofen – non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) have a lower chance to trigger it. If they’re not affected, they are able to be utilized to treat. Some headache medications are employed. A majority of doctors believe that the most effective approach is to quit all medications for headaches and the aggravation of a headache so that it can be improved at the end.

Headaches Due To Referred Pain

A few headaches are due to pain in one other area in the skull, for example, an earache or tooth or discomfort at the jaw joint, and neck pains.
Sinusitis is one of the most common causes. The sinuses are the ‘holes’ inside the skull, which are designed to prevent the skull from becoming too weighty. They are covered by mucous membranes as is the nasal lining and release mucus when you suffer from allergies or colds. The sinusitis headache can be felt in the front of your head, and also on the facial area. Sometimes, the face is tender to pressure, especially under the eyes and next to the nose. There is a possibility of nasal congestion and it is usually more severe when you bend.

In acute glaucoma the pressure inside the eye goes up quickly, which causes the patient to experience a severe and sudden headache in the eye. The eyeball may feel difficult to grasp and the eye may be bright red, and the eyes are typically affected.

Exertional Headaches/Sexual Headaches

Exertional headaches can be attributed with physical activities. They can develop very quickly following an activity that is strenuous such as coughing, running sexually, or tensely engaging during the bowel movements. Most headaches from exertion aren’t serious. They are typically encountered by those who suffer from migraines or have relatives suffering from migraines.

Headaches that are related to sexual contact particularly are a source of concern for those suffering. They may occur when the sex starts, during orgasm, or even after the sexual experience has ended. Headaches during orgasm are the most frequent kind. They are usually intense, and are usually located in the side of the head in front of the eyes, or throughout the body. They last around twenty minutes and aren’t usually an indication of other health issues.

Headaches related to sexual activity and exercise are usually not an indication of significant underlying issues. Sometimes, they could be an indication that there’s an open blood vessel that is leaking at the top of the brain. Therefore, if they’re persistent and marked, it’s a good idea to speak to your physician.

What Types Of Head Pain Are Serious Or Dangerous?

Every headache is unpleasant, and some, like the headache caused by misuse of medication is severe as not addressed properly, they could never be eliminated. Some headaches can be a sign of more serious root causes. They are not common and in many instances, extremely uncommon.

Headaches that are dangerous tend to happen abruptly and then become worse with time. They are more frequent for people who are older. They are:

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Meningitis And Brain Infections

Meningitis is an illness of the brain’s tissues while encephalitis can be described as an illness within the brain. Brain diseases can be caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi. They are very uncommon. They can trigger a painful, debilitating headache. Most patients suffer from a sickness (vomit) and are unable to stand the bright light. Most often, they suffer from stiff necks, stiff enough to not bend the head so that the chin rests on the chest. The patients are often sick – sweaty, hot and sick.

Temporal Arteritis

Temporal arteritis can be, in general usually only observed in those older than 50. It is caused by the swelling (inflammation) of the vessels of both the temples as well as behind the eyes. This causes headaches in the forehead (a forehead headache). Typically , the arteries that run through the forehead are painful and sufferers feel pain in the scalp as they brush their hair. In many cases, the pain becomes worse when chewing. Temporal arteritis can be serious as if not treated, it could result in an abrupt loss of vision.

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