The Civil Service Exam is a very complicated and difficult exam to crack. It is a very demanding task because it requires immense effort and time while preparing for the IAS Syllabus. This article will give a better understanding of the IAS Syllabus and Civil Service Exam.
The Civil Service Exam is conducted every year to fill vacancies in 3 different types of Civil Services. They are Group ‘B’ Civil Services, Group ‘A’ Civil Services and All India Civil Services. There are a total of 5 Group ‘B’ Civil Services, 16 Group ‘A’ Civil Services, and 3 All India Services. The 3 All India Services are Indian Forest Service, Indian Police Service (IPS), and Indian Administrative Service (IAS). Some of the very popular Group ‘A’ Civil Services are Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS), Indian Trade Service (ITS), Indian Postal Service, Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IAAS), Railway Protection Force (RPF), Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS), Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES), etc.
The Civil Service Exam filters the candidates through a three stage process. Lakhs of students appear for this examination and these aspirants are from various streams. Hence there is a very stringent process for selecting the candidates. The first stage is the Civil Service Preliminary examination, the second stage is the Mains stage of the Civil Service Exam and finally the third stage is the interview stage of the Civil Service Exam.
The Preliminary stage of the Civil Service Exam has 2 papers – General Studies paper and Civil Service Aptitude Paper (CSAT). General Studies Paper I of the Civil Service Exam will cover topics related to General Science, Climate Change, Biodiversity, Sustainable Development, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, Poverty, Indian History, Current affairs related to international and national importance, World Geography, Indian Geography, Panchayati Raj, Constitution, Rights Issues, Public Policy, Political System, etc. The CSAT paper will cover topics related to general mental ability, problem solving, comprehension skills, analytical ability, logical reasoning, communication skills, interpersonal skills, data interpretation, basic numeracy, etc.
The IAS Syllabus of the Mains stage of the Civil Service examination is much more vast when compared to the Prelims stage. There are 9 different papers. Paper A and Paper B are language papers, these two are qualifying papers. Paper I is an Essay paper. Paper II to Paper V are four General Studies papers. The IAS syllabus of General Studies Paper I are social empowerment, effects of Globalisation on Indian society, urbanisation, poverty, role of women’s organisations, various stages of India’s freedom struggle, Ancient Indian Architecture, Indian Culture and Art, Indian Society, Colonisation, World History, etc.
The IAS syllabus of General Studies Paper II are Statutory, Regulatory and various Quasi-Judicial bodies, Comparison of Indian Constitution and other Constitutions, Pressure Groups, functions and powers of Parliament, State Legislatures, Ministries, Union and State Governments. This paper also covers various welfare schemes, role of NGO’s, Self Help Groups (SHG’s), welfare schemes of Union Governments, State Governments, issues related to health, education, hunger, poverty, e-governance. The IAS syllabus of this paper also covers topics such as India’s relations with its neighbours, various regional groupings, global groupings, bilateral and multilateral relations etc.
The IAS syllabus of General Studies Paper III are disaster management, infrastructure projects of India, land reforms, economic policies, security challenges in the neighbourhood, mandate of various security agencies of India, food processing industries, major cropping pattern, awareness in the fields of IT, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Space Industry, Defence industry, food processing industry, issues related to farm subsidies, public distribution system, agriculture, government budgeting, etc.
The IAS syllabus of General Studies Paper IV are Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration, Emotional intelligence-concepts, ethics in public and private relationships, Philosophical basis of governance and probity, codes of ethics, citizens charter, accountability, ethical governance, contributions of philosophers and moral thinkers in India, compassion towards the weaker sections, moral and political attitudes, role of educational institutions, families, societies, application of emotional intelligence in governance and administration, etc.